How to check and optimize MySQL tables in parallelWed, Oct 3, 2007 in Databases
I wanted to point out something that might not be obvious from the name: MySQL Parallel Dump can be used as a generic wrapper to discover tables and databases, and fork off worker processes to do something to them in parallel. That “something” can easily be invoking
mysqlcheck – or any other program. This makes it really easy for you to do multi-threaded whatever-you-need-to-do on MySQL tables. Here’s how:
mysql-parallel-dump [options] -- 'mysqlcheck --optimize %D %N'
There are several things going on here:
- You’re running
mysql-parallel-dumpwith all the ordinary options. Some of them are really specific to dumping data, but not all that many – most of the options are about choosing which databases to include and exclude, and so on.
- You’re adding a double dash
--to make it stop processing any further options.
- The rest of the arguments are being treated as a system command, but…
- Not before interpolating the database and table name into them. The %D and %N are a little macro language. There are some other macros too – see the documentation.
The net effect is to loop through all the tables and run
OPTIMIZE TABLE on them.
MySQL Parallel Dump takes responsibility for noticing the exit status of the system command, keeping track of times, and reporting it all when it’s done. And its functionality for working on sets of things is also generic. You could easily create a table of “optimization jobs” and point it at that table, perhaps using the
--age option, and it would obediently do what the table’s contents specify:
mysql> select setname, db, tbl from test.opti_job; +-----------+--------+------------+ | setname | db | tbl | +-----------+--------+------------+ | dvd_store | sakila | film | | dvd_store | sakila | film_actor | | set1 | test | t1 | | set1 | test | t2 | +-----------+--------+------------+ $ mysql-parallel-dump --nolocktables --sets set1,dvd_store --settable test.opti_job -- 'mysqlcheck --optimize %D %N > /dev/null' set1: 2 tables, 2 chunks, 2 successes, 0 failures, 0.14 wall-clock time, 0.17 dump time dvd_store: 2 tables, 2 chunks, 2 successes, 0 failures, 0.51 wall-clock time, 0.85 dump time Final result: 2 sets, 4 tables, 4 chunks, 4 successes, 0 failures, 0.65 wall-clock time, 1.02 dump time
Much of the code for any kind of parallel tool is generic. I put a little extra time into this tool to make that code reusable, not special-purpose.
I'm Baron Schwartz, the founder and CEO of VividCortex. I am the author of High Performance MySQL and lots of open-source software for performance analysis, monitoring, and system administration. I contribute to various database communities such as Oracle, PostgreSQL, Redis and MongoDB. More about me.