MySQL Archiver can now archive each row to a different tableMon, Nov 5, 2007 in Databases
One of the enhancements I added to MySQL Archiver in the recent release was listed innocently in the changelog as “Destination plugins can now rewrite the INSERT statement.” Not very exciting or informative, huh? Keep reading.
If you’ve used plugins with MySQL Archiver you know that I created a series of “hooks” where plugins can take some action: before beginning, before archiving each row, etc etc. This lets plugins do things like create new destination tables, aggregate archived rows to summary tables during archiving (great for building data warehouses, though not as sophisticated as Kettle), and so on. Well, this release added a new hook for plugins:
This lets a plugin override the prepared statement the tool will use to insert rows into the archive. By default the prepared statement just inserts into the destination table. But the
custom_sth hook lets the plugin inspect the row that’s about to be archived and decide what to do with it. This lets it do interesting things like archive rows to different tables.
This came up because some of the tables I’m archiving to suddenly hit the bend in the hockey-stick curve. I diagnosed the problem very simply: inserts began taking most of the time during archiving. As you might know, MySQL Archiver has a statistics mode where it profiles every operation and reports the stats at the end. I’m archiving out of InnoDB into MyISAM; take a look at the stats:
Action Count Time Pct inserting 800584 12722.8245 88.35 deleting 800584 1464.1040 10.17 print_file 800584 58.3453 0.41 commit 3204 29.4391 0.20 select 1602 8.5654 0.06 other 0 116.5321 0.81
Inserting suddenly took 88% of the time spent archiving, when it had been taking a very small fraction of the time. I’d been meaning to split the archived data out by date and/or customer, and this convinced me it was time to stop procrastinating. There are columns in the archived rows for both of these dimensions in the data, so it shouldn’t be hard. So I added the custom_sth hook, wrote a 40-line plugin, and did it. Results:
Action Count Time Pct deleting 51675 525.2777 87.62 inserting 51675 49.3903 8.24 print_file 51675 4.4639 0.74 commit 208 2.1553 0.36 custom_sth 51675 1.4575 0.24 select 104 0.6714 0.11 before_insert 51675 0.1135 0.02 before_begin 1 0.0001 0.00 plugin_start 1 0.0000 0.00 after_finish 1 0.0000 0.00 other 0 15.9868 2.67
(You can see the effect of having a plugin, because the time taken for all the hooks is listed in the stats. There was no plugin previously.)
Now inserting takes only 8% of the time required to archive. Put another way, it used to insert 63 rows per second, now it inserts 1046 rows per second. This is single-row inserts. (It is not intended to archive fast; it is intended to archive without disturbing the OLTP processes. Obviously this server can do a lot more inserts and deletes than this.)
What had happened? The MyISAM tables on the destination end had just gotten too big for their indexes to fit in memory, and the inserts had suddenly slowed dramatically. I didn’t want to give them a lot more memory, because I want the memory to be used for the InnoDB data on that machine. This is the same kind of thing, I’d guess, that Kevin Burton just wrote about.
Oh yeah, while I was at it, I totally rewrote the archiver with unit-tested, test-driven, test-first, other-buzzword-compliant code. I added a lot of other improvements, too. For example, it can now archive tables that have much harder keys to optimize efficiently, such as nullable non-unique non-primary keys.
I'm Baron Schwartz, the founder and CEO of VividCortex. I am the author of High Performance MySQL and lots of open-source software for performance analysis, monitoring, and system administration. I contribute to various database communities such as Oracle, PostgreSQL, Redis and MongoDB. More about me.